ecca group south africa coal

Ecca Group - Wikipedia

The Ecca Group is the second of the main subdivisions of the Karoo Supergroup of geological strata in southern Africa. ... Coal-bearing fluvial-deltaic, and peatbog settings are also well known from the Ecca Group. The Ecca Group was ...

Petrographical and geophysical investigation of the Ecca ...

17 Jul 2019 ... The Ecca Group is a sedimentary geological unit that comprises mostly of shales and sandstones. Almost all of South Africa's coal resources ...

Karoo Basin, South Africa - University of Pretoria

10 Nov 2015 ... In Main Karoo Basin, the Permian Ecca Group hosts economically important coal deposits within the Witbank and Highveld Coalfields.

The Karoo Basin of South Africa: type basin for the coal ...

The Ecca Group sediments in the northern part of the basin differ in sedi- mentary character from the southern counterparts, reflecting deposition on the stable ...

Paleodepositional environments and tectonosedimentary ...

Coal deposits of the Karoo Basin in South Africa are contained within an ... This formation constitutes part of the Ecca Group of the Karoo Sequence and contains ...

An overview of the Permian (Karoo) coal deposits of southern ...

13 Oct 2017 ... PDF | The coal deposits of southern Africa (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and ...

Information Circular No. 126 - Wits University

North of the main Karoo Basin many of the coal deposits ... deltaic Middle Ecca Group of the Northern Facies at a number of widely separated locations. ... the Southern Hemisphere, covers vast areas of southern Africa but is most extensive ...

1 Application for a Mining Right and Associated ...

15 Jul 2019 ... Legislative requirements: South African Heritage Resources Agency ... The Ecca group is known for its coal (mainly the Vryheid Formation) (five.

South Africa's coalfields — A 2014 perspective

28 Jun 2014 ... South African coal production is dominated by five major com- panies, these ... Rocks of the Dwyka Group in South Africa are amongst the most important ... The Ecca Group strata were first described by Rubidge in 1896 from.

Karoo Supergroup

Ecca Group consists of dark clastic sedimentary strata such as shale, siltstone ... The Karoo Supergroup hosts all of the South African coal deposits (Snyman and.

Assessment of Permian coalbed gas resources of ... - USGS.gov

Karoo Basin Province, South Africa and Lesotho, 2016. U.S. Department of ... the coal-bearing sequences of the Vryheid Formation of the Ecca Group. (fig. 2).

The Geological Framework and Economic Potential of the ...

20 May 2009 ... This MSc study of the coal-bearing Karoo strata in the Central Kalahari Sub-basin attempts to work ... correlation studies of the Permian Karoo strata in southern Africa. ... Cape Town, South Africa ... during Ecca Group times ...

The Karoo basins of south-central Africa - University of Alberta

Karoo Basin of South Africa, these groups are named, in stratigraphic ... the Ecca-equivalent coal measures, the glacigene sequence is overlain here by strata of ...

Origin of Sodium and its Applications to Mine Water ...

23 Oct 2009 ... Sodium (Na) problem in most of South African coal mine ... Marine sedimentary rock of the Ecca Group containing most of the coal seams.

Coal in South Africa - Wikiwand

The surface exposure of the rocks belonging to the Karoo Supergroup. South Africa's coal occurs in the Ecca group (coloured mustard yellow). These rocks were ...

Lithostratigraphy of the Prince Albert Formation (Ecca Group ...

1 Dec 2019 ... ... depths 2307.81 m and 2338.75 m from borehole KWV-01 near Willowvale, Eastern Cape, South Africa (co-ordinates: -32.2442 S; 28.5858 E).

HIGH-CONSTRUCTIVE LOBATE DELTAS IN THE LOWER ...

coal-producing region in the Republic of South Africa. Several mineable seams ... deltaic cycles from surface exposures of the Ecca Group in. Natal. Subsequent ...

Marine flooding surfaces recorded in Permian black shales ...

(Dwyka Group) to marine-deltaic (Ecca Group), to fluvial (Beaufort Group) and ... The majority of the economically extracted coal in South Africa occurs in the ...

full text

19 Jun 2009 ... to postglacial and coal-bearing Lower Karoo sequence, Kalahari Karoo Basin, Botswana, contain well ... clude the Dwyka, Ecca and Beaufort groups, whilst those ... The regional location of the Karoo basins of southern Africa.

Stratigraphy and Age of the Malawi Karoo

Coal-bearing strata low in the Karoo section in northern Malawi were correlated with the South African Ecca Group by Cairncross (2001). In southern Malawi ...

Ecca Group - Wikipedia

The Ecca Group is the second of the main subdivisions of the Karoo Supergroup of geological strata in southern Africa. ... Coal-bearing fluvial-deltaic, and peatbog settings are also well known from the Ecca Group. The Ecca Group was ...

Petrographical and geophysical investigation of the Ecca ...

17 Jul 2019 ... The Ecca Group is a sedimentary geological unit that comprises mostly of shales and sandstones. Almost all of South Africa's coal resources ...

Karoo Basin, South Africa - University of Pretoria

10 Nov 2015 ... In Main Karoo Basin, the Permian Ecca Group hosts economically important coal deposits within the Witbank and Highveld Coalfields.

The Karoo Basin of South Africa: type basin for the coal ...

The Ecca Group sediments in the northern part of the basin differ in sedi- mentary character from the southern counterparts, reflecting deposition on the stable ...

Paleodepositional environments and tectonosedimentary ...

Coal deposits of the Karoo Basin in South Africa are contained within an ... This formation constitutes part of the Ecca Group of the Karoo Sequence and contains ...

An overview of the Permian (Karoo) coal deposits of southern ...

13 Oct 2017 ... PDF | The coal deposits of southern Africa (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and ...

Information Circular No. 126 - Wits University

North of the main Karoo Basin many of the coal deposits ... deltaic Middle Ecca Group of the Northern Facies at a number of widely separated locations. ... the Southern Hemisphere, covers vast areas of southern Africa but is most extensive ...

1 Application for a Mining Right and Associated ...

15 Jul 2019 ... Legislative requirements: South African Heritage Resources Agency ... The Ecca group is known for its coal (mainly the Vryheid Formation) (five.

South Africa's coalfields — A 2014 perspective

28 Jun 2014 ... South African coal production is dominated by five major com- panies, these ... Rocks of the Dwyka Group in South Africa are amongst the most important ... The Ecca Group strata were first described by Rubidge in 1896 from.

Karoo Supergroup

Ecca Group consists of dark clastic sedimentary strata such as shale, siltstone ... The Karoo Supergroup hosts all of the South African coal deposits (Snyman and.

Appendix 18, Palaeontological Study - sahris - South African ...

5 Nov 2018 ... Pv – (brown) Sandstone, shaly sandstone, grit, shale, conglomerate and coal near base and top. Vryheid. Formation, Ecca Group, Karoo ...

Coal - Minerals Council South Africa

South Africa's coal resources are contained in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the ... third largest group in the mining sector after gold and platinum group metals.

Shale gas in the Karoo - Council for Geoscience

14 Jan 2016 ... Only the lower Ecca Group shales, namely the Whitehill, Prince ... The total of 72.5 Tcf is economically significant for South Africa given the fact ...

WC/89/021 Review of lower Karoo coal basins and coal ...

The largest and best known coal deposits in Central and Southern Africa are those in South ... development of the Lower Karoo units (Dwyka and Ecca Groups).

sedimentology of the karoo supergroup in the tuli basin - Core

braid~d river channel with coal-bearing overbank and thaw-lake deposits. ... The Karoo Supergroup in Southern Africa and th~ Tuli Basin (with yellow) (modified after. 2 ... formation of the Ecca Group (Madzaringwe Formation), a 5-6 m thick ...

Major Mines & Projects | Landau Mine

Landau Open Pit Mine is located 11.5 km SW from Emalahleni, South Africa. ... The coal measured forms part of the Vryheid formation of the Ecca group. All five ...

Deflating the shale gas potential of South Africa's Main Karoo ...

Deflating the shale gas potential of South Africa's Main Karoo basin ... Keywords: Ecca Group; Whitehill Formation; hydrocarbon; thermal maturity; energy resource ... international (USGS 24, IAEA 40) and in-house laboratory (coal) standards.

Brakfontein Thermal Coal Project - Mining Technology ...

Brakfontein is Universal Coal's third project in South Africa and is located 20km away ... The coal-bearing Ecca group has been sub-divided into three different ...

the geology of the springbok flats - UFS

Based on selected seam horizons a coal zone resource of 3492 mt was demarcated. In ... Aerial distribution of the Ecca Group in the SFKB and northern part ... of South Africa (now Council for Geoscience) conducted further investigations in.

Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas ... - EIA

2 Sep 2015 ... of Australia and Anglo Coal of South Africa. 1. KAROO BASIN ... Figure XIX-5. Lower Ecca Group Structure Map, Karoo Basin, South Africa.